Over his career Jim Wesberry was instrumental in the origination and organization of the organizations, activities,
seminars, conferences and other events shown on this page
United States Junior Chamber of Commerce Annual Governmental Affairs Leadership Seminar
Founded while Jim Wesberry served as US Jaycee National Chairman for Governmental affairs. Since being welcomed to the first
Governmental Affairs Leadership Seminar at the Nation´s Capitol in 1962 by former Jaycee, then-Representative, Gerald Ford,
the leaders of The United States Junior Chamber of Commerce have met annually in the nation´s capital to hear from White House
officials, Cabinet secretaries, and Members of Congress about issues of importance to America´s young people.Thousands of
Jaycees have taken the knowledge they´ve gained at 53 Governmental Affairs Leadership Seminars in Washington, D.C. and State
Capitals, to better serve their communities.
Wesberry's posts as National Govrnmental Affairs Chairman, 1961-62 and 1962-63, Assistant National Treasurer, 1963-64,
National Treasurer, 1964-65 and National Vice President, 1965-66 permitted him to follow throughj in getting the event institutionalized
during its first 5 years.
The First Annual Governmental Affairs Seminar was held April 16-18 in Washington, D. C., to give Jaycees an on-the-spot view
of the federal government in operation. Attending were 50 Jaycees from 42 states, most of them picked in their states for
outstanding work in governmental affairs programs. The seminar was co-sponsored by the USJCC and the District of Columbia
Jaycees. Providing the spark which resulted in the new event were Bill Flynn, national vice president in charge of governmental
affairs, and Jim Wesberry, national chairman.
Workshops were held on key legislative issues, including federal aid to education, Medicare and tax reform. Delegates
met with many Senators, Representatives and other government officials. Among individuals addressing them was Ted Sorensen,
1961 TOYM winner and special assistant to President Kennedy.
Sixty-four Jaycees representing 41 states discussed national issues with a host of top leaders at the Second Annual Governmental
Affairs Seminar, held February 3 -8 in Washington, D. C. Among those talking with the Jaycees was James Hoffa, president of
the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. He stressed the importance of pressure in government, and the strength which came
through his union’s tremendous treasury.
Delegates also met Speaker of the House John W. McCormack; Senator Hubert Humphrey; Congressman Ed Foreman and other legislative
leaders. At the White House they were given orientation on the executive branch of the government by Presidential Adviser
Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. and Special Assistant Brook Hays. Other features of the event included a lively debate on Medicare,
pitting Dr. Edward Annis of the American Medical Association and Ivan Nestingen, deputy secretary of Health, Education and
Welfare, and a visit to the Soviet Embassy.
The Third Annual Governmental Affairs Seminar held in Washington, D. C. was highlighted by a visit to the White House where
the 120 member Jaycee group was met by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Other features of the March 1-6 event included speeches
by Senators Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota, Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois, and Mike Mansfield of Montana. Jaycees also quizzed
officials in many departments of the federal government, and heard a panel forecast the political outlook for 1964. Hard hitting
Texas Congressman Ed Foreman was the awards banquet speaker. Honored as the nation's outstanding Governmental Affairs local
chairman was Erwin Knocke of Arkansas City, Kansas, for his work to combat a personal effects tax.
The Fourth Annual Governmental Affairs Seminar in Washington, D. C. drew 130 Jaycees and wives to the nation's capital. Before
the February 28- March 5 session was over, delegates had listened to 26 congressmen, 9 senators, and 7 government officials.
The' schedule included visits to the White House, Supreme Court, and Soviet Embassy. In the latter visit, several Jaycees
were interviewed by a CBS reporter and the interview was carried on the Evening News with Walter Cronkite program. Ten outstanding
local Governmental Affairs chairmen were honored at the meeting, with Carroll Alexander of Moore, Oklahoma receiving the top
award of $500. Sponsoring this award was the Associates Investment Company.
A record 200 Jaycees took part in the 5th Annual Governmental Affairs Seminar, held February 13-18 in Washington, DC, The
event had a sponsor for the first time, Ford Motor Company, which made it possible to open registration to all Jaycees, and
not just outstanding Governmental Affairs chairmen from the states. Also on hand were ten delegates from Europe and Latin
State presidents and members of the Executive Committee were honored by an invitation to the Presidential Pray Breakfast,
an annual event for the President of the United States. The Reverend Billy Graham was the keynote speaker at this inspiring
meeting attended by President Johnson and congressional and government leaders. The breakfast came on February 17.
Highlights for all delegates included a seminar on the role of young men in politics, put on by the American Medical Political
Action Committee. Jaycees visited the, House Chambers and Senate Chamber, and talked with Associate Justice Byron R. White
while at the Supreme Court. They also saw the Soviet Embassy and met with Dr. Wernher von Braun and other dignitaries of the
United States space program. A special guest was Thomas Reid, Ford Motor Company governmental affairs director and former
executive vice president of The US Jaycees.
Honored for holding the outstanding Local Governmental Affairs program was Wahiawa, Hawaii, represented by Harold Matsumoto.
During the period 1961-66 Jim Wesberry, while National Governmental Affairs Chairman, originated the US Jaycees' Governmental
Affairs Newslatter named "GO" for Governmental Obligation. As National Vice President in 1964-65 Wesberry obtained
a financial sponsorship and "GO" became a major publication with its transition from a newsletter into a full fledged
(NOTE: All the above information is taken from the history maintained by the United States Junior Chamber Foundation http://www.usjayceefoundation.org/).
THE INTERNATIONAL CONSORTIUM ON GOVERNMENTAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
Working globally with governments, organizations, and individuals, the International Consortium on Governmental Financial
Management is dedicated to improving financial management, so governments may better serve their citizens.
The Consortium is unique in the financial management community. It was established in 1977 by Dr. Mortimer A. Dittenhofer
and Jim Wesberry along with a distinguished and international group of financial management professionals from government
and academia. They recognized the need for the various financial practitioners to engage in dialogue about their perspectives
for improving government financial management. ICGFM became the first "umbrella" organization composed of government
entities, university departments, private firms, and professional associations devoted to improving financial management.
The Consortium, as the only worldwide grouping of organizations and people involved in governmental financial management,
encourages its members to work together to promote a better understanding of professional financial management among public
officials at all levels of government through exchanging information and ideas -- providing an international clearinghouse
of information relevant to governmental financial management; researching, training, and publicizing results; liaisons between
the individual organization to better promote mutual objectives; maintenance of high professional standards among governmental
financial managers; stimulating governments to recognize the critical importance of improved professional management of public
resources; and collaborating in development programs which channel technical assistance to developing countries.
The Consortium's activities involve the following areas which constitute the disciplines of governmental financial management:
accounting, auditing, budgeting, data processing, debt ad-ministration, retirement administration, and treasury management.
These areas provide the general frame of reference for the programs, activities, and operations of the Consortium.
(Extract from ICGFM's 20TH Anniversary Publication, October, 1968))
This special publication marks the 20th anniversary of the International Consortium on Governmental Financial Management
(ICGFM) and highlights its past achievements,
current initiatives, and the challenges ahead.
Remarkable results have been realized from the financial management conferences in which ICGFM has played a key role,
whether they were held in Brisbane, Australia; Budapest, Hungary; London, England; Lahore, Pakistan; Miami, Florida; New Delhi,
India or Washington, D.C. Many ideas for the Public Fund Digest, Government Financial Management World, and the Washington
Forums have emanated from the international and regional
...A group of visionary officials in key nations of the world agreed that there was a need for such an organization to
promote the improvement of public sector financial management and the training available for the professionals performing
that task; government accountants, auditors, budget officers and other officials entrusted with the responsibility of keeping
records of how public funds are handled. Two decades later, the fledgling initiative that started with few resources has grown
to represent 92 organizations from 39 countries, reflecting the trend towards globalization that has become the hallmark of
our time. Through our membership, our programs reach hundreds of thousands of government financial managers around the globe...
However, besides promise, the future also holds uncertainty. The 20th anniversary of the Consortium has coincided with
a spell of turmoil in global markets that has been characterized as the first financial crisis of the 21st century...
This article borrows heavily from the remarks made by Jim Wesberry, former ICGFM President and XX Anniversary Chairman,
in the March 1998 newsletter under the title "Why the Consortium was Started", and by the ICGFM's current leader,
Jim Durnil, in the September 1998 issue of the newsletter, in the message The International Consortium on Governmental Financial
Management: "Who are We."
There were at least two convergent views that pointed to the need to create the Consortium. One was fed by a sense of
frustration on the part of the large national professional membership organizations, such as the Association of Government
Accountants (AGA) in the United States, the United Kingdom's Chartered Institute of Public Finance and Accountancy (CIPFA),
the Australian Society of CPAs, and the Municipal Finance Officers Association (MFOA-USA and Canada). These groups felt not
enough was being done to assist the growth of professional practice among government accountants, auditors, budget officers
and other financial managers working in the public sector throughout the world, particularly in the developing countries where
the profession often went unrecognized. The concerned organizations had attempted to establish chapters in other nations,
but often ran into roadblocks in the form of perceived "neo-colonialism". Whenever chapters were established, their
membership usually consisted of expatriates or local professionals who had received their education and certification in the
The second view represented the consensus of key auditors general who also saw the need for improving the status and education
of government financial managers and other professionals in developing countries. Among them were the Auditor General of Canada,
James J. Macdonnell, and the Comptroller General of the United States, Elmer B. Staats, who served as the first Honorary Co-Chairmen
of the ICGFM. Others who held similar opinions were
Dr. Mortimer A. Dittenhofer, Executive Director of AGA and one of the early authors of the General Accounting Office (GAO)
"Yellow Book" on government auditing standards; James P. Wesberry, Jr., who was an adviser to the Comptroller General
of the U.S. and Auditors General of Peru and Ecuador as well as an adviser to ILACIF, the Latin American Association of Supreme
Audit Institutions (now known as OLACEFs); and Noel Hepworth, Executive Director of CIPFA. All three would eventually serve
as presidents of the Consortium.
These leaders perceived that the international professional bodies that existed at the time were either "private
clubs,narrowly focused groups which shunned colleagues in both the government and educational communities,or were exclusively
oriented towards the private sector.
The international debt crisis of the early 1980s, which shook the world in the aftermath of the 1970s oil crisis precipitated
by the OPEC oil producers cartel, brought home the revelation that government financial managers in many countries had not
been providing timely or accurate figures on the status of sovereign loans, a regretful state of affairs that haunts some
countries these days. In recent years, however, in dialog with the Consortium and other groups, IFAC, through its Public Sector
Committee, has become active in standard setting in the public sector. Likewise, INTOSAI partnered with the ICGFM in a regional
conference held in Hungary in 1997 to which other groups were invited to discuss the improvement of government internal controls
and internal audits.
Raising an organization:
Special thanks should be given to the leaders who protected and nourished the ICGFM in its younger and most vulnerable
days. It had been founded with virtually no financial resources of its own other than the dues paid by its membership, which
was meager, especially because it was established as an umbrella group of organizations. Those contributions were kept modest
to encourage small and developing countries’ organizations to join.
The first is Dr. Mortimer A. Dittenhofer, who persuaded AGA to take on duties as the secretariat of this new organization,
of which it was a founding member.
The second is Arthur L. Litke, who as Assistant Director of GAO and chairman of the International Affairs Committee of
AGA, used that body to organize the ICGFM, expand its membership, and promote its first publications and conferences.
The third is Audrey Dysland, who as Director of Finance of AGA took on the tasks of looking after its membership rolls
and finances. Several years later, when interest in international aspects of government financial management waned temporarily
at AGA, Audrey took the records to her home where she managed the ICGFM Secretariat at little or no cost (and with no compensation
Fourth, was James P. Wesberry, Jr., who from wherever he has worked, be it Latin America, Days Inns, the Organization
of American States, the GAO, USAID, Price Waterhouse, the Institute of Public Administration, the World Bank or Casals and
Associates; has always used his position and influence to promote the growth and fulfillment of the professional objectives
of the ICGFM around the world.
The fifth is Noel Hepworth, who created a viable link to those working in public finance throughout the British Commonwealth.
He also helped forge stronger working links with one of our founding members, the Australian Society of CPAs.
The sixth is Raymond Einhorn, who developed and nurtured the Washington International Governmental Financial Management
Forum, a monthly luncheon presentation and discussion group of the ICGFM.
The seventh is Donald Beatty, Executive Director of the Municipal Finance Officers Association, which became one of the
founding members of the ICGFM. He directed our attention to the importance of strengthening municipal financial management
around the world.
The eighth is Dr. Adolf J.H. Enthoven, Director of the Center for International Accounting Development at the University
of Texas at Dallas. A noted author of a number of studies on accounting trends in developing countries and in countries in
transition such as Russia, Dr. Enthoven has led the ICGFM research efforts through our first 20 years.
The ninth is Arigpudi Premchand, Assistant Director of the International Monetary Fund's Fiscal Affairs Department, who
served as ICGFM Director and Vice President. Mr. Premchand is a notable expert and author of studies on the development and
evolution of government budget policy and administration. He frequently served as a speaker at our conferences and forums
and acted as a link and interpreter between the views of the economists, budget experts and financial managers. Of course
there have been many others who also helped strengthen the ICGFM in its early years, among them many of its present officers
Whenever you find you
are on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect
--- Mark Twain
We have never observed
a great civilization with a population as old as the United States will have in the twenty-first century; we have never observed
a great civilization that is as secular as we are apparently going to become; and we have had only half a century of experience
with advanced welfare states...Charles Murray
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certain issues affecting democratic governance of interest to me and my friends, associates and seminar participants. The
financial information, charts, etc., consist of items I find interesting. Draw your own conclusions from it.
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