The Department of Justice (DOJ) derives its mandate primarily from the Administrative Code of
1987 (Executive Order No. 292). It carries out this mandate through the Department Proper and the Department’s attached
agencies under the direct control and supervision of the Secretary of Justice.
Under EO 292, the DOJ is the government’s principal law agency. As such, the DOJ serves
as the government’s prosecution arm and administers the government’s criminal justice system by investigating
crimes, prosecuting offenders and overseeing the correctional system. The DOJ, through its attached offices, is also the government’s
legal counsel and representative in litigations and proceedings requiring the services of a lawyer; implements the Philippines’
laws on the admission and stay of aliens within its territory; provides free legal services to indigent Filipinos; and settles
land disputes between and among small landowners and indigenous cultural minorities.
ADMINISTRATION OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. The DOJ investigates
the commission of crimes and prosecutes offenders through the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) and the National
Prosecution Service (NPS), respectively. Likewise, the DOJ administers the probation and correction system of the country
through the Bureau of Corrections (BuCor), the Board of Pardons and Parole (BPP) and the Parole and Probation